WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE (WASH)
Poor hygienic practices in homes and communities are another dimension of the problem. In many households, unhygienic practices by individuals, ineffective and insufficient hygiene education has resulted in poor hygienic practices. Most community members do not wash their hands with soap in critical times and water and foodstuffs are not hygienically stored.
Globally poor sanitation and hygiene are the principal or the underlying causes of death in over 10 million infant deaths that occur annual. Compelling evidenced-based analysis shows that hygiene and improved sanitation are among the cost effective health interventions to reduce child mortality. Access to toilets alone can reduce child diarrhea deaths by over 30 per cent, hand washing by more than 40 per cent and acute respiratory infections by 50 per cent.
Overall, 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation, more than one billion in Asia and another half a billion in sub-Saharan Africa. Open defecation continues to be practiced by almost half the population in Southern Asia and more than a quarter of those living in sub-Saharan Africa (UN, 2008, p41)
Apart from health, the importance of sanitation also lies in several fields of development making it one of the key factors to achieve the SDGs. For example, sanitation is also an important factor in economic development, as it is estimated that every dollar invested in sanitation returns in average nine dollars of economic benefit, mostly by reducing health costs, allowing greater investment in education, and therefore significantly increasing the Gross Domestic Product.
The huge gap between sanitation needs and resources available in the country is therefore the major challenge towards the attainment of these goals. It is clear that the subject of sanitation globally is central to the agenda for good governance by governments throughout the world. Ghana’s policy position on environmental sanitation emphasizes developing and maintaining a clean, safe and pleasant physical environment in all human settlements in order to promote the social, economic and physical well-being of all. Various sanitation agencies and actors have been assigned the responsibilities that seek to ensure that sanitation services are provided reliably and continuously to mitigate negative social and economic effects.
Our goal will be to improve access to potable water and improved sanitation in rural areas
- Improving the living conditions of rural communities by providing them with sustainable drinking water supply and improved sanitation services
- Educating community members about the National sanitation campaign and the WASH campaigns.
- Construction of rural water supply and school sanitation facilities.